Transesophageal Atrial Pacing during Echocardiography Exams

A comparative evaluation of the importance of transesophageal electrical stimulation of the left atrium and of bicycle ergometry in the diagnosis of ischemic heart disease in patients with arterial hypertension.

Azizov VA, Gorshkov ASh, Kivaeva GM, Gadzhiev RSh, Bekzhigitov SB, Arabidze GG, At'kov OIu. Kardiologiia 32(7-8):37-40, 1992. To make a comparative assessment of transesophageal left atrial pacing (TLAP) and bicycle ergometry (BE) in the diagnosis of coronary heart disease (CHD) in patients with arterial hypertension (AH) of different origin, the authors examined 56 patients. The patients underwent TLAP and selective coronary angiography, of them 39 patients had BE testing. No significant differences were found in their specificity (73 and 78%) and sensitivity (92 and 81%) between TLAP and BE, respectively. The maximum heart rate in CHD patients with AH was significantly higher (130 +/- 6 per min) during TLAP than that in BE (112 +/- 5 per min, p > 0.05), ischemic changes occurring at the same value of double product despite the mode of myocardial ischemia induction in these functional tests (240 +/- 10 and 236 +/- 12 arbitrary units, respectively; p < 0.05). The mean systolic blood pressure was higher in TLAP and in BE (210 +/- 10 and 185 +/- 8 mm Hg). This follows that TLAP and BE finding are comparable and no profound changes occur in TLAP, hence it can be recommended for wide application in the diagnosis of CHD in AH patients.

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