Esophageal Electrocardiography

A method of esophageal electrogram recording for diagnostic atrial and ventricular pacing.

Prochaczek F, Jerzy G, Stopczyk MJ. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 1990 Sep;13(9):1136-41. Silesian Medical Academy, Poland. This study evaluates improvement of the electrogram sensed via an esophageal catheter with the sensing electrode adjacent to the stimulating electrode with and without a specialized artifact suppression system. In 100 patients (65 men and 35 women) aged 16-60 years (mean 48 years), esophageal recordings of left atrial activity were obtained during simultaneous transesophageal atrial pacing. Transesophageal ventricular pacing was performed in an additional 34 patients. Without the suppression system, ventricular paced activity, recorded from the esophagus, was not suitable for interpretation. About 10% of the atrial electrogram response could be recorded and evaluated during atrial pacing. With the stimulus artifact suppression system, interpretable recordings were obtained 100% of the time during atrial and ventricular recordings. The method described allows use of transesophageal diagnostic testing where previously only the intracardiac route was possible.

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