Transesophageal Atrial Pacing and Recording in Children and Infants

Bundle branch block during orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia onset in infants.

Goldstein M, Dunnigan A, Milstein S, Benson DW Jr. Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Hospital. Am J Cardiol 1989 Feb 1;63(5):301-6. Transesophageal electrophysiologic studies were performed in 58 infants (age less than or equal to 1 year, median 10 days) with electrocardiographically documented orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia (ORT). The aim was to evaluate the occurrence, type and electrophysiologic effects of bundle branch block (BBB) during ORT onset. Of the 58 infants, 25 (43%) had BBB with pacing-induced tachycardia onset. BBB was initiated by single or double premature atrial extrastimuli and by burst atrial pacing; 4 infants also demonstrated BBB with spontaneous ORT onset during transesophageal study. Two of 25 infants had BBB only after intravenous procainamide. Comparison of the 25 infants exhibiting BBB at ORT onset with the 33 infants not demonstrating BBB revealed that age was not statistically different in the 2 groups, but that severity of illness (based on a 1 to 3 scale) was greater (p less than 0.05) and normal QRS ORT cycle length was shorter (p less than 0.02) in the infants with BBB. Of the 25 infants with BBB at ORT onset, 17 had left BBB, 3 had right BBB and 5 had both left and right BBB. Ventriculoatrial interval or cycle length increases during ORT with BBB in 16 of 25 (64%) infants suggested left free wall-accessory atrioventricular connections.

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