Transesophageal Electrophysiology

Combination therapy with aprindine and verapamil for paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia as assessed by transesophageal atrial pacing.

Hirao K, Okishige K, Suzuki F, Hiejima K. Tokyo Medical and Dental University. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 1991 Aug;5 Suppl 4:819-25. To assess the efficacy of combination therapy of aprindine (40 mg/day) and verapamil (160 mg/day), transesophageal programmed atrial stimulation was performed on 21 patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (including 12 patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia and nine patients with atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia) under four conditions: a) control, b) aprindine alone, c) verapamil alone, and d) aprindine + verapamil. Results: a) Aprindine, verapamil, and aprindine + verapamil prevented paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia induction in 2/21, 3/21, and 9/21 patients, respectively; b) aprindine + verapamil prolonged the cycle length of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia more than aprindine or verapamil alone; c) aprindine, verapamil, and aprindine + verapamil decreased the AV blocking rate by 15, 23, and 35 beats/min, respectively, in comparison with the control state; d) aprindine, verapamil, and aprindine + verapamil prolonged the effective refractory period of atrioventricular conduction system by 20, 34, and 76 msec, respectively, compared with the control state. In conclusion, aprindine + verapamil appear to be more effective than aprindine or verapamil alone in preventing paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia with nodal reentry, but there was less benefit in those without nodal reentry (Wolff-Parkinson-White group).

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