Transesophageal Electrophysiology

Induction of supraventricular tachycardia (paroxysmal junctional tachycardia and atrial tachycardia) by esophageal stimulation.

Brembilla-Perrot B, Spatz F, Khaldi E, Terrier de la Chaise A, Suty-Selton C, Le Van D, Cherrier F, Pernot C. CHU Brabois, Vandoeuvre. Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 1998;83(11):1695-702. Transesophageal stimulation is tending to replace endocavitary electrophysiological studies in the investigation and treatment of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity of this technique in the evaluation of paroxysmal junctional tachycardia (PJT) and atrial tachycardia (AT). Fifty-eight patients with these arrhythmias (PJT, n = 23; AT, n = 35) were investigated under basal conditions and then during Isoproterenol infusions with a protocol using incremental atrial stimulation and programmed atrial stimulation delivering one and two extra-stimuli on two paced rhythms (400-600 ms). It was possible to induce the arrhythmia in the 23 patients with PJT either under basal conditions (n = 16) or during Isoproterenol (n = 7). A reentrant mechanism was suggested in 22 patients by the following findings: position of the auriculogramme with respect to the ventriculogramme, presence or absence of a delaying branch block, situation and morphology of the P wave in lead V1 compared with atrial activation recorded by the esophageal catheter. Atrial tachycardia was induced in 26 patients (74 %), 19 under basal conditions, 6 with Isoproterenol and once after carotid sinus massage. As a conclusion, we can say that the sensitivity of transesophageal stimulation is the same as for endocavitary stimulation.

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