Transesophageal Atrial Pacing during Echocardiography Exams

Outcome of Doppler parameters of left ventricular systolic function during atrial stimulation as a function of coronary disease.

Selton-Suty C, Anconina J, Buffet P, Grentzinger A, Julliere Y, Brembilla-Perrot B, Danchin N, Cherrier F. CHU Nancy-Brabois. Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 1993 Nov;86(11):1551-6. The authors studied the effects of transoesophageal atrial pacing on Doppler parameters derived from flow in the left ventricular out flow tract (maximal velocity (V max), velocity-time integral (VTI), mean acceleration of aortic flow (Acc), acceleration force (AF) of the left ventricle). These parameters were recorded in patients with normal left ventricular wall motion at rest, with and without coronary disease. Eight patients had angiographically normal coronary arteries (Group 1) and 21 had coronary disease (Group 2) including 10 with an isolated stenosis of the left anterior descending artery (Group 2a) and 11 with multivessel disease (Group 2b). The heart rate was increased by increments of 20 beats per minute from 90 to 130 each minute. In coronary patients, atrial pacing resulted in a fall in V max from 0.99 +/- 0.15 to 0.90 +/- 0.12 m/s, p < 0.0005 and in AF from 23.1 +/- 6.3 to 19.6 +/- 4.8 Kdynes, p < 0.0005, whereas the Acc remained stable (13.51 +/- 3.27 and 13.53 +/- 2.47 m/s/s, NS). Conversely, V max (1.04 +/- 0.11 and 1.04 +/- 0.11, NS) and AF (25.2 +/- 5.7 and 26.3 +/- 6.7, NS) were unchanged in normal controls and the Acc improved from 13.87 +/- 3.61 to 17.04 +/- 3.49, (p < 0.05). The VTI fell significantly in both groups. The percentage variations of V max, Acc and AF were significantly different in coronary patients compared with normal controls. There were no differences between the two coronary subgroups.

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