Transesophageal Atrial Pacing during Echocardiography Exams

Prediction of cardiac events after uncomplicated myocardial infarction by cross-sectional echocardiography during transesophageal atrial pacing.

Iliceto S, Caiati C, Ricci A, Amico A, D'Ambrosio G, Ferri GM, Izzi M, Lagioia R, Rizzon P.University of Bari, Italy. Int J Cardiol 1990 Jul;28(1):95-103. Atrial pacing can safely be utilized shortly after myocardial infarction. To evaluate the prognostic value of wall motion abnormalities induced by such pacing 83 consecutive patients with recent uncomplicated myocardial infarction underwent transthoracic cross-sectional echocardiography during transesophageal atrial pacing and upright bicycle exercise stress test. Patients were followed-up for 14 +/- 5 months. During the atrial pacing and the echocardiography, patients were defined at high risk if abnormalities of wall motion were detected in left ventricular regions remote from the infarcted area. Then, during the exercise stress test, high risk patients were those with ST segment depression > 1 mm. On the other hand, patients were considered to be at low risk if they had no abnormalities of wall motion during atrial pacing in remote regions or, in the case of the stress test, if they did not develop ST depression greater than or equal to 1 mm. Of the 83 patients, 21 had major cardiac events during the period of follow-up. Cardiac events occurred in 15/23 (65%) and 5/60 (8%, P < 0.001) patients assigned to the groups adjudged to be at high and low risk, respectively, on the basis of echocardiographic results. Exercise testing was less reliable in identifying patients at risk of future cardiac events. Major events occurred in only 6 of the 19 patients with a positive stress test (32%, P < 0.05 vs positive stress echocardiography) and in 14 of the 64 patients with a negative exercise stress test (22%, P = NS vs positive exercise stress test, P < 0.05 vs negative atrial pacing echocardiography).

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