Transesophageal Atrial Pacing during Echocardiography Exams

Prognostic significance of post-infarction “silent” ischemia.

Chikavashvili DI, Blokhin AB, Rado Iu, Iliasov AA, Ruda MI. Kardiologiia 1991 Jun;31(6):47-50. To study the predictive value of silent ischemia, a total of 132 patients with first transmural myocardial infarction were examined, 69 had anterior and 63 had inferior myocardial infarction. On days 8-12 of onset of the disease, all the patients underwent loading two-dimensional echocardiography along with transesophageal pacing, as well as polyposition coronary angiography. According to the echocardiographic findings, 3 groups of patients were identified: 1) 34 (25.8%) with painful ischemia; 2) 37 (28.0%) with silent ischemia; 3) 61 (46.2%) with a negative test. Ischemic alterations were more frequently seen in inferior (73%) than in anterior (36.2%) myocardial infarction. The patients with painful ischemia showed a lower threshold of ischemia occurrence, more severe and prolonged ST segment depression, and greater extent of an asynergic area than did the patients with silent ischemia. A 1-5-year (mean 2.4) follow-up revealed that in terms of the risk for postinfarction angina, recurrent myocardial infarction and fatal outcomes, patients with silent ischemia represent an intermediate group between those with painful ischemia and those who have a negative load test.

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