Transesophageal Cardioversion and Defibrillation

Right and left ventricular diastolic function in patients with and without heart failure: effect of age, sex, heart rate, and respiration on Doppler-derived measurements.

Yu CM, Sanderson JE. Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. Am Heart J 1997 Sep;134(3):426-34. Doppler echocardiography is widely used to assess right and left ventricular diastolic function. Although the factors affecting Doppler-derived measurements have been described in unaffected patients, there is little information available for patients with heart failure. Therefore we performed two-dimensional Doppler echocardiography studies of right and left ventricular function in 140 subjects, 88 with congestive heart failure and 52 age-matched normal subjects. The separate effects of age, sex, heart rate, and respiration were assessed by correlation analysis and multiple linear regression. In normal subjects both left and right ventricular parameters significantly correlated with age and heart rate. No significant effect of respiration was apparent in left ventricular function, but in the right ventricle inspiration caused a significant increase in transtricuspid peak E-wave velocity, E/A ratio, and shortening of the E-wave deceleration time. There was a significant correlation between left and right ventricular diastolic parameters. In heart failure, age correlated weakly with mitral valve peak A wave (r = 0.23, p = 0.03) and with tricuspid valve peak E-wave velocity (r = 0.37, p < 0.001), although in those with a restrictive filling pattern age was associated with a significant increased shortening of the mitral E-wave deceleration time (r = -0.8; p = 0.0015). Heart rate and deceleration time of mitral and tricuspid E wave significantly correlated, but heart rate did not correlate with either mitral or tricuspid peak E-wave or A-wave velocities or E/A ratio. In heart failure the effect of respiration was similar to normal subjects. Sex was not associated with Doppler variables in either normals or heart failure subjects. Thus this study demonstrates that age, heart rate, and respiration have important and separate associations with Doppler echo diastolic parameters of the right and left ventricle in normal subjects and similar, although weaker relations in patients with heart failure.

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